principio

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin prīncipium, derived from prīncipis, princĭpis, genitive singular of prīnceps (first) (compare principe (prince) from the meaning "chief").[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /prinˈt͡ʃi.pjo/
  • Rhymes: -ipjo
  • Hyphenation: prin‧cì‧pio

NounEdit

principio m (plural principi)

  1. beginning, start, inception
    Synonym: (more common) inizio
    il principio di una azione.the beginning of an action.
    il principio di una nuova vita.the beginning of a new life.
    • 1898-1900 [1817-1832], Leopardi, Giacomo, Zibaldone di pensieri [Zibaldone], volume Pensieri (miscellaneous, diary, in Italian), page 76:
      * Il trecento fu il principio della nostra letteratura, []
      * The three hundred was the beginning of our literature, []
      [1]
  2. (law, citing articles of law) first part; first paragraph, first subsection
    Synonyms: (first part) prima parte, (first paragraph, first subsection) primo comma
  3. (in adverbial phrases) beginning
    al principio del giorno/del secoloat the beginning of the day/of the century
    al principio tutto andava beneat the beginning everything was fine
    • 1470-1547, Bembo, Pietro, (Please provide the book title or journal name) (in Italian):
      L’alta Cagion, che da principio diede
      A le cose create ordine e stato.
      The high Cause, which from the beginning he gave
      To things created order and status.
    • [90-110] Giovanni [John], Bibbia [Bible], volume Nuovo Testamento [New Testament] (canonical gospel, in Aramaic), Vangelo secondo Giovanni [Gospel according to John], chapter 1, verse 1, line 1–3:
      In principio era il Verbo,
      il Verbo era presso Dio
      e il Verbo era Dio.
      In the beginning was the Word,
      the Word was with God
      and the Word was God.
      (literally, “In the beginning was the verb,
      the verb was with god
      and the verb was god.
      ”)
      [1]
  4. (concrete, in the plural) first; appetizers, antipastos, starters, hors d'oeuvre
    i principî/principii del librothe first pages of the book
    • 1895 [1895], Artusi, Pellegrino, La scienza in cucina e l'arte di mangiar bene [Zibaldone] (essay, kitchen manual, in Italian), Principii, line 1–3, page 70:
      principii o antipasto sono propriamente quelle cosette appetitose che s’imbandiscono per mangiarle o dopo la minestra, come si usa in Toscana, [] , o prima, come si pratica in altre parti d’Italia.
      starters or appetizer are properly those appetizing things that are prepared to eat them or after the soup, as used in Tuscany, [] , or before, as is practiced in other parts of Italy.
      [1]
  5. beginning, cause, source, reason
    Synonyms: causa, ragione
    quella vincita fu il principio della fortuna della famiglia.
    that win was the reason of family fortune.
    il malcontento ebbe principio dall’imposizione di nuove tasse.
    the discontent had beginning from the imposition of new taxes.
    • [XIV century] Petrarca, Francesco, Canzoniere [Il Canzoniere] (collection of poems, in Italian), Donna che lieta col Principio nostro, line 1–2:
      Donna, che lieta col Principio nostro
      ti stai, []
      Woman, who happy with our God
      you stay, []
      (literally, “Woman, who happy with the reason of our existence beginning
      you stay, []
      ”)
    • (Can we date this quote?) [1713-1786], Gozzi, Gasparo, (Please provide the book title or journal name) (in Italian):
      [] principio e fine di ogni cosa è Iddio, []
      [] Beginning and end of everything is God, []
      [1]
  6. (usually in the plural) principle
    principî di economia / di linguisticaprinciples of economics/of linguistics
    principî giuridicilegal principles
    i tre principî della termodinamicathe three principles of thermodynamics
  7. principle, moral norm, ethic value
    informare il proprio comportamento a principî di equità/di giustizia/di correttezza
    to inform one's behavior of principles of equity/of justice/of correctness
    principî morali/religiosimoral/religious principles
    • 1840 [1827], Manzoni, Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio, I promessi sposi [The Bethroted] (historical novel, in Italian), Chapter XXXV, page 675:
      Incontrava ogni tanto ministri, tanto diversi d’aspetto e di maniere e d’abito, quanto diverso e opposto era il principio che dava agli uni e agli altri una forza uguale di vivere in tali servizi: negli uni l’estinzione d’ogni senso di pietà, negli altri una pietà sovrumana.
      Occasionally he met ministers, so different in appearance and manners and habit, how different and opposite was the principle that gave to each one an equal strength to live in such services: in ones the extinction of every sense of piety, in others a superhuman piety.
    • (Can we date this quote?) [1960-], Fois, Marcello, (Please provide the book title or journal name) (in Italian):
      tutti i princìpi più sani con i quali era cresciuto, se li stava bevendo come vinello fresco
      all the healthiest principles with which he had grown up, he was drinking them like fresh wine
      [1]

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

principio

  1. first-person singular present indicative of principiare

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 principio in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

LatinEdit

NounEdit

prīncipiō

  1. dative/ablative singular of prīncipium

ReferencesEdit

  • principio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • principio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

principio

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of principiar

NounEdit

principio m (plural principios)

  1. Obsolete spelling of princípio

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /pɾinˈθipjo/, [pɾĩn̟ˈθi.pjo]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /pɾinˈsipjo/, [pɾĩnˈsi.pjo]
  • Hyphenation: prin‧ci‧pio

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin principium.

NounEdit

principio m (plural principios)

  1. beginning, start, outset, get-go
    al principioat the beginning, at first
    a principios del mesat the beginning of the month
    Synonyms: comienzo, empiece, inicio
  2. cause, origin
  3. principle
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

principio

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of principiar.

Further readingEdit